The entire livestock export process (from farm to the point of slaughter) is regulated by the Australian Government under two main regulatory systems; the Australian Standards for the Export of Livestock (ASEL) and the Exporter Supply Chain Assurance Scheme (ESCAS). Furthermore, all livestock carrying vessels must have an Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) license and comply with the provisions of Marine Order 43 of the Navigation Act.
The Australian Standards for the Export of Livestock (ASEL) were developed as part of the Australian Government’s response to the Livestock Export Review (The Keniry Review) and can into effect on the 1st December 2004. The standards outline the basic animal health and welfare requirements for the livestock export industry from farm through to the discharge of animals in the country of destination.
The Exporter Supply Chain Assurance System (ESCAS) framework was first implemented in July 2011 and as of January 2013 applies to Australian livestock exported for feeder and/or slaughter purposes. ESCAS was designed to improve the welfare of exported Australian livestock and has delivered significant and extensive changes within the industry.