The entire livestock export process (from farm to the point of slaughter) is regulated by the Australian Government under two main regulatory systems; the Australian Standards for the Export of Livestock (ASEL) and the Exporter Supply Chain Assurance Scheme (ESCAS). Furthermore, all livestock carrying vessels must have an Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) license and comply with the provisions of Marine Order 43 of the Navigation Act.
The Australian Standard for the Export of Livestock (ASEL), last reviewed in 2019/20 govern the all aspects of livestock preparation from the selecting of animals through to the point of discharge in market. These standards incorporate every facet along the supply chain and govern the requirements for the export of livestock.
The Exporter Supply Chain Assurance System (ESCAS) framework was first implemented in July 2011 and as of January 2013 applies to Australian livestock exported for feeder and/or slaughter purposes. ESCAS was designed to improve the welfare of exported Australian livestock and has delivered significant and extensive changes within the industry.